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  • Can evolution explain how minds work? (2009)

    Johan J. Bolhuis & Clive D. L. Wynne "Biologists have tended to assume that closely related species will have similar cognitive abilities. Johan J. Bolhuis and Clive D. L. Wynne put this evolutionarily inspired idea through its paces. Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection is...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: wattawa
  • Spontaneous planning for future stone throwing by a male chimpanzee (2009)

    Abstract: Planning for a future, rather than a current, mental state is a cognitive process generally viewed as uniquely human. Here, however, I shall report on a decade of observations of spontaneous planning by a male chimpanzee in a zoo. The planning actions, which took place in a calm state, included...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: admin
  • The uncertain reasoner: Bayes, logic, and rationality (2009)

    Abstract: Human cognition requires coping with a complex and uncertain world. This suggests that dealing with uncertainty may be the central challenge for human reasoning. In Bayesian Rationality we argue that probability theory, the calculus of uncertainty, is the right framework in which to understand...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: wattawa
  • Conceptual representations in goal-directed decision making (2008)

    Philippe N. Tobler Emerging evidence suggests that the long-established distinction between habit-based and goal-directed decision-making mechanisms can also be sustained in humans. Although the habit-based system has been extensively studied in humans, the goal-directed system is less well characterized...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: wattawa
  • The cognitive benefits of interacting with nature (2008)

    Abstract: We compare the restorative effects on cognitive functioning of interactions with natural versus urban environments. Attention restoration theory (ART) pro- vides an analysis of the kinds of environments that lead to improvements in directed-attention abilities. Nature, which is filled with...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Cognitive load selectively interferes with utilitarian moral judgment (2008)

    Abstract: Traditional theories of moral development emphasize the role of controlled cognition in mature moral judgment, while a more recent trend emphasizes intuitive and emotional processes. Here we test a dual-process theory synthesizing these perspectives. More specifically, our theory associates...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: mcavanaugh
  • Folk Psychological Narratives: The Sociocultural Basis of Understanding Reasons (2008)

    " Established wisdom in cognitive science holds that the everyday folk psychological abilities of humans—our capacity to understand intentional actions performed for reasons—are inherited from our evolutionary forebears. In Folk Psychological Narratives, Daniel Hutto challenges this view (held in...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: wattawa
  • The mere acceptance effect : Can it influence responses on racial implicit Association Tests? (2007)

    The Implicit Association Test (IAT) is designed to measure the strength of mental association between each of a pair of target categories (e.g., Black vs. White) and each of a pair of attributes (e.g., negative vs. positive). Recent work on the mere acceptance effect shows that, if one of the categories...
    (My publication) Posted by: msargent
  • Organizational Wisdom (2005)

    Abstract In today’s information driven world ‘continuous learning and subsequent implementation’ is the only way to survive. This requires wisdom. Wisdom can be classified as a type of propositional knowledge that allows believing without sufficient evidence and not believing with sufficient evidence...
    (My publication) Posted by: aloke1968
  • Less Thought, More Punishment: Need for Cognition Predicts Support for Punitive Responses to Crime (2004)

    Three studies examined the relationship between need for cognition and support for punitive responses to crime. The results of Study 1 (N = 110) indicated that individuals high in need for cognition were less supportive of punitive measures than their low need for cognition counterparts. This finding...
    (My publication) Posted by: msargent
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