Play It (Again) Sam: Linguistic Changes Predict Improved Mental and Physical Health Among Older Adults

Nathan S. Consedine, Yulia S. Krivoshekova and Carol Magai. (2012). Play It (Again) Sam: Linguistic Changes Predict Improved Mental and Physical Health Among Older Adults. Journal of Language and Social Psychology 2012 31: 240 originally published online 10 May 2012, DOI: 10.1177/0261927X12446736.

Abstract: Studies suggest that disclosure alters representations of emotional or traumatic events and that linguistic parameters may index such change. Most work has been conducted among younger adults; hence, this report examined whether changes in the proportions of pronoun, emotion, and cognitive characteristics across two narrations predicted changes in mental and physical health outcomes in a later life sample. Black and White men and women (N = 160) aged 50 to 70 years completed two 10-minute oral disclosures at baseline and 1-month follow-up, describing a sad event in conjunction with either a happy or a neutral event, and completed measures of depressive symptomatology, stress, and health. Despite some variation across outcomes, reductions in symptoms were generally predicted by lowered proportions of first personal singular pronouns and sadness words and increased proportions of insight and causal words; directional change scores were more useful than absolute change in predicting outcomes. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for tailoring disclosure-based interventions among older groups for which traditional written paradigms may be poorly suited, and directions for future research are given.

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(Something interesting I found)Posted:Sep 01 2012, 12:00 AM by brendah
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