Tag Search Results: decision making
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NEWS
  • Empathy: An excerpt from The Character Gap

    by Christian Miller, Fathom Mag It is easy to get depressed pretty quickly if, like me, you read a lot of psychological studies of people’s behavior. In many studies the majority of people do not help with simple tasks like picking up candy or carrying papers. Sometimes they did not do really important...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Explaining the moral foreign-language effect:Why do people make more utilitarian choices when using a foregn language?

    by Lawrence T. White, Psychology Today In 2014, University of Chicago psychologists Sayuri Hayakawa, Boaz Keysar, and their colleagues reported a fascinating finding: When confronted with the “footbridge” version of the well-known trolley problem, bilingual participants were much more likely to choose...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Communicating in a foreign language takes emotion out of decision-making

    by Carla Reiter, UChicago News If you could save the lives of five people by pushing another bystander in front of a train to his death, would you do it? And should it make any difference if that choice is presented in a language you speak, but isn’t your native tongue? Psychologists at the University...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Teach pupils the virtue of humility ‘to help them make smart decisions’

    by Oliver Moody, The Times The virtue of intellectual humility should be taught in schools, according to psychologists, who have found that it makes people more accurate in their judgments. Willingness to admit that we may be wrong seems to allow us to weigh evidence more fairly and to appraise others...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • How ‘Intellectual Humility’ Can Make You a Better Person

    By Cindy Lamonthe, NY Mag Science of Us There’s a well-known Indian parable about six blind men who argue at length about what an elephant feels like. Each has a different idea, and each holds fast to his own view. “It’s like a rope,” says the man who touched the tail. “Oh no, it’s more like the solid...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • On the Knife's Edge: Using Therapy To Address Violence Among Teens (podcast)

    Shankar Vedantam, NPR Click here to listen to the podcast The fight was over a pair of gym shoes. One teenager faces years in prison. The other — the 15-year-old grandson of Congressman Danny Davis — is dead. We often hear stories about murders sparked by trivial disputes. And we also hear the same solutions...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Robust Science Depends on Understanding the Science of Humans

    by Howard C. Nusbaum, Association for Psychological Science Observer Science is a method of generating knowledge and testing beliefs; it trumps authority by empirical evaluation and depends on reliability and validity to uphold that knowledge. But science also is a human enterprise: Whether in psychology...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Trading changes how brain processes selling decisions

    by Mark Peters, UChicago News Market experience leaves people less susceptible to economic bias, study finds Experience in trading changes how the human brain evaluates the sale of goods, muting a well-established economic bias known as the endowment effect, according to researchers at the University...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • How Biases Ruin Our Judgment Calls

    By Naveen Khajanchi, CEO & Director, NKH Foundation Adam Grant, a professor of psychology at Wharton admitted how wrong he was to pass up on the opportunity to invest in an online start-up selling glasses. Because the company didn’t have a functioning website the day before its launch and because...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Research finds that wisdom is a matter of both heart and mind

    University of Waterloo News Release The fluctuations of your heartbeat may affect your wisdom, according to new research from the University of Waterloo. The study suggests that heart rate variation and thinking process work together to enable wise reasoning about complex social issues. The work by Igor...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
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PUBLICATIONS
  • PEACE AND PROSPERITY (2018)

    PEACE AND PROSPERITY The definition of Insanity is doing the same thing over and over and getting the same result, but expecting a Different One. Albert Einstein Watching the Armistice Day ceremonies this year I was reminded of the famous H.G. Wells comment about World War I being ‘the war to end all...
    (My publication) Posted by: rodger ricketts
  • Honesty Speaks a Second Language (2018)

    Abstract: Theories of dishonest behavior implicitly assume language independence. Here, we investigated this assumption by comparing lying by people using a foreign language versus their native tongue. Participants rolled a die and were paid according to the outcome they reported. Because the outcome...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Consumer Wisdom: A Theoretical Framework of Five Integrated Facets (2018)

    We establish a parsimonious theoretical framework of consumer wisdom based on five mutually reinforcing psychological facets. Our research draws from wisdom literature and a set of 31 phenomenological interviews with informants who were identified through a multi-stage nomination process. The five facets...
    (My publication) Posted by: mluchs
  • US Humanitarian Intervention Decisions – A Two-Level Game? (2018)

    US Humanitarian Intervention Decisions – A Two-Level Game? American political leaders respond selectively on humanitarian crisis, considering stronger reactions at some times and places than others and determining the rate and relevance of humanitarian intervention. Serbia’s oppression in Kosovo triggered...
    (My publication) Posted by: Ars62Vivendi
  • Karl Popper, Science and Enlightenment (2017)

    Karl Popper is famous for having proposed that science advances by a process of conjecture and refutation. He is also famous for defending the open society against what he saw as its arch enemies – Plato and Marx. Popper’s contributions to thought are of profound importance, but they are not the last...
    (My publication) Posted by: NickMaxwell
  • Thinking More or Feeling Less? Explaining the Foreign-Language Effect on Moral Judgment (2017)

    Abstract: Would you kill one person to save five? People are more willing to accept such utilitarian action when using a foreign language than when using their native language. In six experiments, we investigated why foreign-language use affects moral choice in this way. On the one hand, the difficulty...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Virtue Development and Role of Character in Decision Making (2017)

    Abstract: The most significant contribution of virtue ethics is the role of discriminative intelligence (practical wisdom) in decision making. Decision making in virtue ethics is actually influenced by the acumen and discriminative intelligence of the agent concerned rather than rules and codes of morality...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Conceptualizing Wise Management Decision-Making: A Grounded Theory Approach (2017)

    Abstract: This article investigates the role of wisdom in management decision-making. In one of the first empirical studies investigating wisdom and management, 37 CEOs, top managers, and senior executives were interviewed about their perspectives on the concept of wisdom in the business context and...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Wisdom and the Tragic Question: Moral Learning and Emotional Perception in Leadership and Organisations (2016)

    Abstract: Wisdom is almost always associated with doing the right thing in the right way under right circumstances in order to achieve the common good. In this paper, however, we propose that wisdom is more associated with deciding between better and worse wrongs; a winless situation we define as tragic...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Critical Thinking, Wisdom, and Paying Homage to the Human Experience (2016)

    Excerpt: Throughout human evolution, we have been constantly striving towardmaking use of the technology in our lives greater and more complex. Beginning with the use of rocks as tools to the invention of the wheel, which revolutionized agriculture, technology has expanded to present day attempts to...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
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DISCUSSIONS
  • Conversations on Wisdom: john a. powell

    By Jean Matelski Boulware As an internationally recognized expert in the areas of civil rights and civil liberties, john a. powell is known for his work in a wide range of issues including race, ethnicity, poverty, and democracy. He is the Executive Director of the Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Are we ready for wisdom in health care?

    By Margaret Plews-Ogan, MD, MS and Gene Beyt, MD, MS It seems that there could not be a better place for wisdom to take hold than in health care. What profession is more in need of making wise choices than one trusted with people’s lives? What organizations are more in need of wisdom than those charged...
     Posted by: brendah
  • The wisdom of arguing with success: How to evaluate performance with the benefit of ignorance

    By Boaz Keysar Last December, only a day before my son’s flight to Israel, the weather forecast predicted an 80% chance of a major snowstorm, which would cause both O’Hare and his connecting flight airport to shut down. The snow had already hit D.C. hard, and had led to a government shut down. Not wanting...
     Posted by: brendah
  • A Senior Moment: Wisdom of the Aged?

    By Leslie Howard “Knowledge comes, but wisdom lingers.” –Alfred Lord Tennyson “The older I grow the more I distrust the familiar doctrine that age brings wisdom” —H. L. Mencken I am fascinated by the wealth of recent studies that give insight into how our brains work, particularly as I am concerned how...
     Posted by: brendah
  • Wisdom in Understanding the Language of Law

    By Howard C. Nusbaum When I taught an undergraduate class on wisdom research at the University of Chicago a couple of years ago, students often conceptualized wisdom in terms of wise advice. This is generally a common idea about wisdom. Rather than thinking of wisdom in Aristotelian terms of wise action...
     Posted by: brendah
  • Can the unwise recognize wisdom?

    Wisdom grantees Michael Sargent and Shabnam Mousavi examine the question. Anchoring Judgment in Wise Principles Michael J. Sargent, Bates College, United States I’ve been asked to write a blog entry about a related pair of questions: “Can the unwise recognize wisdom?” and “Can one act wisely without...
     Posted by: wattawa
  • What can animal models tell us, if anything, about human wisdom?

    Animal models are powerful and profitable tools for understanding both basic biological processes (such as transcription and translation) as well as much more complex ones, such as cancer origination and progression, organ development, and immune processes. This truth underlies the use of rodents and...
     Posted by: wattawa
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