Tag Search Results: heuristics
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  • How Biases Ruin Our Judgment Calls

    By Naveen Khajanchi, CEO & Director, NKH Foundation Adam Grant, a professor of psychology at Wharton admitted how wrong he was to pass up on the opportunity to invest in an online start-up selling glasses. Because the company didn’t have a functioning website the day before its launch and because...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
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    Abstract: The purpose of this investigation is to define, first, wisdom from the point of view of the cognitive approach, and, second, to integrate this definition with the aspects of wisdom as defined by the semantic, cognitive, psychological approaches as well as to a certain degree by the philosophical...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Researching Practice Wisdom in Social Work (2016)

    Abstract: Social workers, as skilled helpers who make professional decisions using intuitive actions rather than by following defined rules, deserve better recognition for their practice wisdom. However, since there is a tendency amongst practitioners who adhere to the evidence-based paradigm to disregard...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • A Heart and A Mind: Self-distancing Facilitates the Association Between Heart Rate Variability, and Wise Reasoning (2016)

    Abstract: Cardiac vagal tone (indexed via resting heart rate variability [HRV]) has been previously associated with superior executive functioning. Is HRV related to wiser reasoning and less biased judgments? Here we hypothesize that this will be the case when adopting a self-distanced (as opposed to...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Some extended psychological benefits of challenging social stereotypes: Decreased dehumanization and a reduced reliance on heuristic thinking (2015)

    Abstract: One way to promote equality is to encourage people to generate counterstereotypic role models. In two experiments, we demonstrate that such interventions have much broader benefits than previously thought—reducing a reliance on heuristic thinking and decreasing tendencies to dehumanize outgroups...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: brendah
  • Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World (2015)

    Abstract : Statistical illiteracy can have an enormously negative impact on decision making. This book brings together applied and theoretical research on risks and decision making across the fields of medicine, psychology, and economics. Collectively, the chapters demonstrate why the frame in which...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • The Hot-Cold Decision Triangle: A Framework for Healthier Choices (2012)

    Abstract: People often behave in ways that are clearly detrimental to their health. We review representative research on unhealthy behaviors within a parsimonious framework, the Hot-Cold Decision Triangle. Through this framework, we describe how when people embrace colder state reasoning — instead of...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: brendah
  • Fast and Frugal Heuristics: Tools of Social Rationality (2009)

    Ralph Hertwig and Stefan M. Herzog Homo economicus cannot help but be puzzled by people's baffling array of social behaviors that conflict with economic theory. To accommodate these “deviant” behaviors within the standard view of rationality, defined in terms of probability theory, logic and rational...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: wattawa
  • The Cognitive-Ecological Approach to Rationality in Social Psychology (2009)

    Klaus Fiedler and Michaela Wänke The entire discipline of social cognition has been greatly influenced by the heuristics-and-biases research program, which was traditionally based on an internal attribution of bounded rationality to the individual's motives and resource limitations. The cognitive...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: wattawa
  • Adaptive Rationality: An Evolutionary Perspective on Cognitive Bias (2009)

    Martie G. Haselton , Gregory A. Bryant , Andreas Wilke , David A. Frederick , Andrew Galperin , Willem E. Frankenhuis , Tyler Moore A casual look at the literature in social cognition reveals a vast collection of biases, errors, violations of rational choice, and failures to maximize utility. One is...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: wattawa
  • On searching compressed string collections cache-obliviously (2008)

    Abstract: Current data structures for searching large string collections either fail to achieve minimum space or cause too many cache misses. In this paper we discuss some edge linearizations of the classic trie data structure that are simultaneously cache-friendly and compressed. We provide new insights...
    (My publication) Posted by: agupta
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  • Can the unwise recognize wisdom?

    Wisdom grantees Michael Sargent and Shabnam Mousavi examine the question. Anchoring Judgment in Wise Principles Michael J. Sargent, Bates College, United States I’ve been asked to write a blog entry about a related pair of questions: “Can the unwise recognize wisdom?” and “Can one act wisely without...
     Posted by: wattawa
  • Wisdom: addition through subtraction?

    I just came back from our first conference of “wisdom scholars” in Chicago, and was fascinated by the topics that the wisdom grant winners are investigating. I thought I would try to blog about a topic that allowed me to mention several of them. Wisdom commonly is thought of as something that one accumulates...
     Posted by: wattawa
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