Tag Search Results: reasoning
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  • 3 Simple Habits to Improve Your Critical Thinking

    by Helen Lee Bouygues, Harvard Business Review A few years ago, a CEO assured me that his company was the market leader. “Clients will not leave for competitors,” he added. “It costs too much for them to switch.” Within weeks, the manufacturing giant Procter & Gamble elected not to renew its contract...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • The Factors That Foster Wise Reasoning

    Association for Psychological Science Across cultures, wisdom has been considered one of the most revered human qualities. Although the truly wise may seem few and far between, empirical research examining wisdom suggests that it isn’t an exceptional trait possessed by a small handful of bearded philosophers...
     Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Why We Give Great Advice To Others But Can't Take it Ourselves

    by Igor Grossmann, Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Waterloo, Forbes We’ve all had friends in toxic relationships that came to us for advice. As a third-party observer, we generally have a decent perspective from which to give our thoughts. But many of us have also been that friend...
     Posted by: brendah
  • The (Paradoxical) Wisdom of Solomon

    By Wray Herbert, HuffPost King Solomon, the third leader of the Jewish Kingdom, is considered the paragon of wisdom and sage judgment. It's said that during his long reign, people traveled great distances to seek his counsel. Yet it's also true--and much less well known--that his personal life...
     Posted by: brendah
  • Does Wisdom Really Come with Age? It Depends on the Culture

    Press Release, Association for Psychological Science “Wisdom comes with winters,” Oscar Wilde once said. And it’s certainly comforting to think that aging benefits the mind, if not the body. But do we really get wiser as time passes? There are many ways to define what exactly wisdom is, but previous...
     Posted by: brendah
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  • The Strengths of Wisdom Provide Unique Contributions to Improved Leadership, Sustainability, Inequality, Gross National Happiness, and Civic Discourse in the Face of Contemporary World Problems (2018)

    Abstract: We present evidence for the strengths of the intellectual virtues that philosophers and behavioral scientists characterize as key cognitive elements of wisdom. Wisdom has been of centuries-long interest for philosophical scholarship, but relative to intelligence largely neglected in public...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Wisdom in Context (2017)

    Abstract: Philosophers and psychological scientists have converged on the idea that wisdom involves certain aspects of thinking (e.g., intellectual humility, recognition of uncertainty and change), enabling application of knowledge to life challenges. Empirical evidence indicates that people’s ability...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Wisdom and Bias: Towards State-Focused Measurement of Wisdom-Related Cognition (2017)

    Abstract: Philosophers and behavioral scientists refer to wisdom as unbiased reasoning that guides one toward a good and virtuous life. However, major instruments developed to test wisdom are by default influenced by psychological bias. We examined whether shifting the focus from global, de-contextualized...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • Wise reasoning in the face of everyday life challenges (2016)

    Abstract: How stable vs. dynamic is wisdom in daily life? We conducted a daily diary study of wise reasoning (WR) by recording people’s reflections on daily challenges in terms of three facets: intellectual humility, self-transcendence, and consideration of others’ perspectives/compromise. We observed...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: jlmatelski
  • A Route to Well-being: Intelligence vs. Wise Reasoning (2013)

    Abstract: Laypeople and many social scientists assume that superior reasoning abilities lead to greater well-being. However, previous research has been inconclusive. This may be because prior investigators used operationalizations of reasoning that favored analytic as opposed to wise thinking. We assessed...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: brendah
  • The Hot-Cold Decision Triangle: A Framework for Healthier Choices (2012)

    Abstract: People often behave in ways that are clearly detrimental to their health. We review representative research on unhealthy behaviors within a parsimonious framework, the Hot-Cold Decision Triangle. Through this framework, we describe how when people embrace colder state reasoning — instead of...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: brendah
  • Reasoning About Social Conflicts Improves Into Old Age (2010)

    by Igor Grossmann, Jinkyung Na, Michael E. W. Varnum, Denise C. Park, Shinobu Kitayama, and Richard E. Nisbett It is well documented that aging is associated with cognitive declines in many domains. Yet it is a common lay belief that some aspects of thinking improve into old age. Speci fi cally, older...
    (My publication) Posted by: Igor Grossmann
  • The uncertain reasoner: Bayes, logic, and rationality (2009)

    Abstract: Human cognition requires coping with a complex and uncertain world. This suggests that dealing with uncertainty may be the central challenge for human reasoning. In Bayesian Rationality we argue that probability theory, the calculus of uncertainty, is the right framework in which to understand...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: wattawa
  • Structured statistical models of inductive reasoning (2009)

    "Everyday inductive inferences are often guided by rich background knowledge. Formal models of induction should aim to incorporate this knowledge and should explain how different kinds of knowledge lead to the distinctive patterns of reasoning found in different inductive contexts. This article...
    (Something interesting I found) Posted by: wattawa
  • A Clinician's Approach to Clinical Ethical Reasoning (2005)

    We offer a systematic strategy that situates clinical ethical reasoning within the paradigm of clinical reasoning. The trajectory of this strategy parallels clinical reasoning: a plain statement of the initial problem, careful gathering of data, a differential diagnostic assessment, and articulation...
    (My publication) Posted by: lkaldjian
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  • What makes a decision wise?

    Wisdom: “It’s the Context, Stupid.” In his recent blog “Can wisdom be taught with words?” Howard Nusbaum points to research suggesting that intelligence is context-specific, and Howard builds on this idea to propose that wisdom, too, may be “specific to particular contexts.” I think not only that wisdom...
     Posted by: wattawa
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